ayrshire cow origin
The result was an efficient dairy animal ideally suited to the harsh climate and poor- quality forage found on the exposed moors … Located off the coast of France and in the English Channel lie the Channel Islands, home to the Isle of Jersey, where this breed of dairy cattle originated. Other characteristics 1. From the end of the 18 th Century the red colour became more frecuent. Bova was one of the few New Men who stayed behind after her creator left for outer space to continue his research, and she began living in a cottage at the base of her mountain home. For many years, the Ayrshire horns were a hallmark of the breed. Presently, the largest numbers of registered Ayrshire cattle are still found in many New England states, including New York, Pennsylvania and Vermont, but they have spread throughout the entire country and also have strong numbers in many Midwest states including Wisconsin, Ohio, Iowa, and Illinois. During its development, it was referred to first as the Dunlop, then the Cunningham, and finally, the Ayrshire. Please provide a description of this breed as well --> The Ayrshire is a breed of cattle that were purposely bred in the Country Ayr region of southwestern Scotland. There are photos and videos. Holstein cattle were the first in the series followed by Jersey cattle, and now we turn our attention to Ayrshire cattle. The Ayrshire breed originated in the County of Ayr in Scotland, prior to 1800.During its development, it was referred to first as the Cunningham, then the Dunlop, and finally, the Ayrshire.Its characteristics gradually became well enough established to consider it a distinct breed, and in 1786, the first Ayrshire show was sponsored by the Highland Agricultural Society. The Ayrshire is a moderate butterfat breed. It is a medium sized breed, but very good in milk production. NOTE: The form can also be used for Comments, Suggestions, and Corrections. When allowed to grow, the horns were light colored with dark tips and could be over a foot in length. The ruggedness of the terrain and the unfavorable climatic conditions of their native land led to the selection for those points of hardiness that adapt them to less than ideal conditions. The American Ayrshire Breeders Association was formed in 1895, and the breed’s numbers grew dramatically after 1900. Ayrshires are red and white, and purebred Ayrshires only produce red and white offspring. During the early part of the Twentieth Century, Ayrshires were noted for their extremely good type. Horns:Over a foot in length at maturity. Region:… The principal blood used in improvement was that of the Teeswater stock, which later was largely used in the formation of the Shorthorn breed in England. It comprised an area of about 1600 square miles or 1,024,000 acres. Markings:The markings vary from all red to all white. In 305 days, on twice-a-day milking, she produced 37,170 pounds of milk and 1592 pounds of fat. Project initiated April, 1994 - Initial web site opened February 22, 1995. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. Some of these farms bottled and distributed their own milk. The Ayrshire breed originated in the County of Ayr in Scotland, prior to 1800 and was regarded as an established breed by 1812. They are strong, rugged cattle that adapt to all management systems including group handling on dairy farms with free stalls and milking parlors. For more information, visit https://extension.msu.edu. Ayrshires have alert and active dispositions, and the breed is considered the most stylish of the dairy cattle. In Agriculture, Ancient and Modern, published in 1866, Samual Copland describes the native cattle of the region as "diminutive in size, ill-fed, and bad milkers." PO Box 477, 33 Hillsboro St, Pittsboro, NC 27312, College of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, College of Human & Environmental Sciences, Ag Education, Communications & Leadership, Master of International Agriculture Degree Program. Early Scottish dairymen selected various strains of cattle—including both European and Channel Island breeds—to cross with the small, native cattle, using any available stock they felt would improve their animals’ utility. Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. Ayrshire cattle are highly adaptable to numerous different management systems, have excellent udder conformation and are generally free from most foot and leg problems. Entries with "ayrshirelehmä" Ayrshire: …Ayrshires) One of a breed of cattle from Ayrshire, Scotland, notable for the quantity and quality of their milk.Translations Ayrshire - cow Finnish:… ayrshirerotu: ayrshirerotu (Finnish) Noun Ayrshire cattle (breed of dairy cattle originating from Ayrshire in south west Scotland) Related words & phrases ayrshirelehmä There is good evidence that several breeds were crossed with native cattle to create the foundation animals of the breed. Collection. It took several years for the cattle’s characteristics to be well-defined enough to be considered a different breed, but that happened with the first Ayrshire show, sponsored by the Highland Agricultural Society, in 1786. 2. Appearance 1. This breed is considered a medium-bodied dairy animal, reaching up to 1,200 pounds at maturity. To qualify, a herd had to be comprised entirely of Ayrshires, and the herd owner had to maintain the highest health standards. The Ayrshire is the native dairy cow of Scotland and the successful survivor of several types that were still present in the early nineteenth century in the Scottish Lowlands. The first importations of Ayrshires to the United States was believed to have been made by Henry W. Hills, of Windsor, Connecticut, around 1822. On some bulls, the mahogany color is so dark that it appears almost black in contrast to the white. Early Ayrshires flourished in the Scottish landscape because they were very efficient grazers, were well-adapted to the climate and terrain because of the cross with native cattle species, and were known for the quality of their udder. Eckles, Dairy Cattle and Milk Production, 1923). The 4-H Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress, protected by code 18 USC 707. It is about sixty miles in length and nearly thirty in extreme breadth. Animals from the West Highland and improved Shorthorn were to improved the original Ayrshire stock. Ayrshires Cattle Society of Great Britain and Ireland is a forward thinking highly motivated breed society. About 600 miles north of where Jersey cattle originated is the County of Ayr, Scotland, United Kingdom, the location where the Ayrshire dairy breed was started. For more information about Ayrshire cattle, check out the U.S. Ayrshire Breeders’ Association, Ayrshire Breeders’ Association of Canada or Ayrshires International. These cattle generally have red and white markings (the red can range from a shade of orange to a dark brown). Ayrshire cattle is a breed of dairy cattle which was originated from Ayrshire in southwest Scotland. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The composition of her milk made it ideally suited for the production of butter and cheese by the early Scottish dairymen. The Ayrshire breed originated in the County of Ayr in Scotland, prior to 1800. Size:Medium sized, weighs over 1,200 pounds at maturity. Ayrshire definition is - any of a breed of hardy dairy cattle developed in Ayr and usually marked with blotches of red or brown with white. Old photographs of Ayrshire cattle confirm this fact. Brindle and roan color patterns were once more common in Ayrshires, but these patterns are rare today. These animals were then exported around the world to many different locations around the globe. Ayrshire cow. This Scottish breed debuted in the U.S. in 1822 when they were imported to Connecticut. During its development, it was referred to first as the Dunlop, then the Cunningham, and finally, the Ayrshire. Please mail your original copies with our email form By using the modern breed improvement tools of DHI or DHIR testing, type traits appraisal, and artificial insemination, an Ayrshire breeder can be sure of breeding better Ayrshires to meet the demands of the modern dairy industry. This series from Michigan State University Extension will explore the history of the seven major breeds of dairy cattle in the United States. The Brown Swiss Cattle breed originated in the mountain tops of northeast Switzerland before historic records began, around 4000 B.C., according to some historians. Even today, the Ayrshire is very popular in New England, but her popularity has spread and the Ayrshire herds are now located in every part of the United States including the Deep South. Probably the improvement of the native stock began around 1750 when it was crossed with other breeds. She was an efficient grazer; noted for her vigor and efficiency of milk production. They are brown and white and well known for their hardiness, good udders and feet and legs. 3. Ayrshires are medium-sized cattle and should weigh over 1200 pounds at maturity. Have you ever looked at a dairy cow and wondered about the history of the breed? The color markings vary from nearly all red to nearly all white. An article about Ayrshire breed of cows with characteristics and measurements. Color:White and a reddish-brown mahogany that varies in shade from very light to very dark. It is believed that some strains of cattle from Europe and the Channel Islands were crossed with the native cattle in the early days of the developmen… Melissa Elischer, Michigan State University Extension - She was especially noted for the superior shape and quality of her udder. Actually, the red color is a reddish-brown mahogany that varies in shade from very light to very dark. Ayrshire Cow are average-sized cows and the normal grown-up Ayrshire cow has a maximum body weight, ranging from 990 lbs to 1320 lbs (450 kg to 600 kg). She was well suited for the land and climate in Ayr. Ayrshires respond to good management and feeding practices and individual Ayrshire herds average as high as 17,000 pounds of milk and 700 pounds of butterfat. There is also considerable evidence that cattle from the Channel Islands were used in the improvement of the cattle of Ayr. Ayrshire, an extensive county on the western coast of Scotland, is bounded on the north by Renfrewshire, on the east by the counties of Lanark and Dumfries, on the south by the stewartry of Kirkcudbright and the county of Wigton, and on the west by the Firth of Clyde and the Irish Channel. In 1929, two Ayrshire cows named Tomboy and Alice, were literally walked from the association headquarters at Brandon, Vermont, to the National Dairy Show at St. Louis, Missouri. The promotional literature recommended that mothers give their children Ayrshire milk to be sure they grew up to be strong and healthy. How the different strains of cattle were crossed to form the breed known as Ayrshire is not exactly known. How the different strains of cattle were crossed to form the breed known as Ayrshire is not exactly known. One historic feature of the breed was their long, elegant horns. A majority of the breeding in the Teeswater was from Dutch or Flemish cattle that also were used in the formation of the Holstein breed. Ayrshire cattle originated in the county of Ayr in southwestern Scotland prior to 1800. Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science. Additionally, calves are known for their vigor and easy rearing. For the first time such cows began to breed in Eyshir county. Modern Breeds of Livestock. Jeffrey W. Dwyer, Director, MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824. To contact an expert in your area, visit https://extension.msu.edu/experts, or call 888-MSUE4MI (888-678-3464). The spots are generally small and jagged at the edges, scattered over the entire body of the cow. The Ayrshire Breed Originating in South-west Scotland, the Ayrshire Breed was first recorded on an official basis in the 1870's, with formation of the Ayrshire Cattle Society Herd Book in 1877. With proper feeding and management, the Ayrshire will produce at a profitable level for her owner. Dates / Origin Place: South Africa Library locations George Arents Collection Shelf locator: Arents Cigarette Cards Shelf locator: Arents Cigarette Cards 826 Topics Farms South Africa Genres Cigarette cards Trade cards Notes Content: United Tobacco Co.(South); no brand given Milk marketing, like herd management, has changed and the Approved Ayrshire Milk program is no longer in operation. The Ayrshire cow is universally recognized as one of the most beautiful of the dairy cattle breeds, but much more important is the fact that she has been bred and developed to be a useful and profitable dairy cow. During the Twenties and Thirties, many Ayrshire herds were established near cities. Macmillan Publishing Co. 1980, Promotional materials. document.write('animal-science-mail-form'); Prior to 1800 many of the cattle of Ayrshire were black, although by 1775 browns and mottled colors started to appear. The following description from a report to the Ayrshire Agricultural Association gives the points which indicate superior quality in the Ayrshire dairy cows:— Briggs, H.M. & D.M. The origin and early historj' of the Ayrshire Breed of Cattle have been dealt with by many writers. Ayrshire cows have the milk production and high component level in milk needed to satisfy the world’s market demand. animal-science-mail-form The typical Ayrshire cow is an alert vigorous animal showing strong character and mild temperament. These traits make Ayrshires outstanding commercial dairy cattle. The History of Brown Swiss . Ayrshires do no possess the yellow tallow characteristic that would reduce carcass value, so Ayrshire bull calves can be profitably raised as steers. There, she had a chance encounter with the children she helped bring into the world, now known as the Avengers Quicksilver an… The dairy breed of Ayrshire cows was bred in Scotland in the 18th century. However, are frequently dehorned as calves. First called “Alderney cattle, ” Jerseys are one of the oldest breeds of cattle having been brought to … Farmers in New England needed a dairy cow that would graze the pastures of their rough, rocky farms and tolerate the cold, often inhospitable winters. When polished for the show ring, the Ayrshire horns were a spectacular sight. Drawing of an Ayrshire cow from the first part of the 19 th Century. The Ayrshire Dream Cow contest is back! Most modern Ayrshire cattle are dehorned as calves for animal and human safety. Unfortunately, the horns were not very practical, and today almost all Ayrshires are dehorned as calves. Other traits that make Ayrshires attractive to the commercial dairyman include the vigor of Ayrshire calves. The Ayrshire breed has the lowest somatic cells count in Canada. To have a digest of information delivered straight to your email inbox, visit https://extension.msu.edu/newsletters. Lately Secretary of the Ayrshire Cattle Herd Book Society of Great Britain and Ireland. When properly trained, they gracefully curved out, and then up and slightly back. They are strong and easy to raise. These horns often reached a foot or more in length. The current world record for Ayrshire is held by Lette Farms Betty's Ida. This contest is for the Quebec clubs, whichwill […] Read More… During its development, it was referred to first as the Dunlop, then the Cunningham, and finally, the Ayrshire. Information on adding new breeds or updating existing information. This article was published by Michigan State University Extension. The Ayrshire breed originated in the County of Ayr in Scotland, prior to 1800 and was regarded as an established breed by 1812. Usually, the male Ayrshire cows are heavier than the female ones, with the body weight that ranges from 1,400 lbs to 1,984 lbs (635 kg to 900 kg). The actual average of all Ayrshires on Official DHIR test is over 12,000 pounds of milk with a 3.9% test. The cattle could be almost a solid red or white with the complimentary color spotted across their hide or they may have more of a broken mix of red and white. The Ayrshire breed is the native dairy cow of Scotland and the successful survivor of several types that were still present in the early nineteenth century in the Scottish Lowlands. Regardless of the details of origin, the early breeders carefully crossed and selected the various strains of cattle to develop the cow we now know as the Ayrshire. This information is for educational purposes only. Ayrshire, historic county, southwestern Scotland. Fourth Edition. They were purposefully developed as a standardized breed in … Interestingly, Ayrshire are sometimes called Dunlop cattle, and are known as Dunlop cattle in New Zealand. The primary objective of this program is to evaluate specific type traits of Ayrshire cattle and to obtain and publish records for the type and conformation of Ayrshire cattle for the improvement of the breed. Join experts to discuss the latest in animal welfare issues that face the beef cattle industry.