ayrshire cow characteristics

To increase milk productivity, livestock breeders often cross Ayrshire bulls with cows of different breeds - Holstein, red steppe, and Simmental. After evaluating the quality of the offspring, they are looking for the ideal ancestor - the lineage creator. The Ayrshire cattle are medium sized animals, but they are very beautiful. The main products of the Ayrshire, Jersey and Dutch breeds are milk. Color:White and a reddish-brown mahogany that varies in shade from very light to very dark. Selection criteria, review of the best breeds, signs, Romanovskaya breed of sheep - its characteristics and photos, All about the breed of rabbits Gray Giant. Then their offspring will be propagated - they will receive material for the next selection. Females have a proportionally developed volumetric udder of a bath-like shape. Production: 18,500 lbs. Age when buying livestock can be determined by the so-called horn rings (the number of rings is equal to the number of years). Ayrshires are medium-sized cattle and weigh approximately over 1200 pounds at maturity. The Ayrshire cow with her combination of dairy quality and very attractive appearance is no doubt the ideal dairy cow for both the commercial farmer and stud breeder of today. In this case, for the implementation of mating, you must choose a good bull. This breed belongs to milk productivity: Fat of Ayrshire milk is from 2.3 to 4.2%. Their coat colour varies from light to deep red/brown combined with white. By contacting unknown sellers, you can become the owner of non-viable or outbred individuals. These cows are aggressive and extremely shy at the same time. High productivity and economic benefits of breeding. In the summer, cows are offered a walking area. Undemanding to the conditions of detention. Manure is removed, feeders and drinking bowls are washed with water. Ayrshire cow: breed characteristics and maintenance rules. Ayrshires are red and white, and purebred Ayrshires only produce red and white offspring. How is mastitis manifested in a cow and what methods of its treatment? This breed is considered one of the best in milk yield and milk quality. This article will explain why it is convenient and profitable to keep such cows. For maintenance, it is best to purchase young animals so that there is an opportunity to raise them and accustom them to quiet milking. In the US, the six most common breeds are Holstein, Ayrshire, Brown Swiss, Milking Shorthorn, Guernsey, and Jersey, and each of them have specific characteristics making them suitable to certain climates or operations, and their milk desirable … The hair of animals is thick and soft, usually red with white spots. Read about breeding cows as a business here . The Ayrshire has a very straight back line and almost squared of rump giving it a rectangular body shape with a good straight angle up to its neck. Ayrshires are medium-sized cattle and should weigh over 1200 pounds at maturity. Their coat is usually a light grayish brown (but varies from almost white to gray or dark brown. Pneumonia is characterized by persistent cough, fever and diarrhea. A Guernsey cow is distinguished physically by its medium-to-large size, fawn color and arched horns. Breeding Ayrshirek can give real income if, after calculating everything, organize rhythmic production. They are strong, rugged cattle that adapt to all management systems including group handling on dairy farms with free stalls and milking parlors. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS; The Ayrshire cattle breed is one that does particularly well in cattle shows. Usually, the male Ayrshire cows are heavier than the female ones, with the body weight that ranges from 1,400 lbs to 1,984 lbs (635 kg to 900 kg). Its handsome, lyre‑shaped horns are distinctive. Some difficulties in keeping cows at home can be caused by their restless disposition. Ayrshire Cows: Milk Characteristics. Read about growing bulls for meat here . Products can be delivered to different points - shops, dairies, supermarkets. Characteristics Details of Ayrshire cow: A normal adult specimen of Ayrshire breed if female weighs between 450 and 550 kg on average and the males weigh up to 830 kg. How to choose a good cow? Adults reach a weight of more than five hundred kilograms, gobies grow up to eight hundred. Ayrshire. Duration of milking per year is 305 days. With purebred breeding of cows and gobies, serious defects and negative features are practically absent. Farmers claim the following: What ordinary owners of Ayrshire cows say: Ayrshire cows are an ideal acquisition for a farm charged with milk production. Differ in complexity of character. However, it is important to realize that “dairy cattle” is an overlapping term that covers hundreds and hundreds of different breeds. In this case, the yield of pure meat can be more than fifty percent. The breed is also suitable for household. The hornless breed is not from birth. Today, the breed is willingly grown by farms in Russia. To erect sheds in accordance with livestock standards. As a rule, the disease is eliminated with antibiotics. The bottom of the udder is almost horizontal, located at the level of the hock joints. The typical Ayrshire cow is an alert vigorous animal showing strong character and mild temperament. Markings:The markings vary from all red to all white. This breed is considered a medium-bodied dairy animal, reaching up to 1,200 pounds at maturity. High productivity is not the only advantage of these cows. Newborns are highly survivable. However, experienced farmers and breeders rate this productive ability as satisfactory. Increased activity complicates the maintenance and milking of Ayrshire cows. Obtain permission from Rospotrebnadzor for their activities. Their homeland is the Scottish county of Ayrshire. Cows feel great both on pastures and in stalls . They are safely bred not only on flat lands, but also in mountainous terrain. If this is not done, then over time the cow / bull will grow long and beautiful horns. Ayrshire cows are also popular with farmers for the excellent quality of milk. Regular cleaning of the stall helps to avoid a huge number of diseases. An excessively large udder is a minus. Take pictures of what you thought were Ayrshire cattle, and compare them with pictures … To increase milk yield, special feeding is not required, however, additives to improve fat content are allowed. The price of an adult starts from 100 thousand rubles. Representatives of the Ayrshire breed were brought into Russia only in the twentieth century, but they are still actively grown by herders to this day. Ayrshires excel in udder conformation and are not subject to excessive foot and leg problems. Choosing a burenka, first of all, evaluate its milk productivity. This classic cow is any shade of red or brown including mahogany and white, although either colour may predominate. Feeding can be carried out using fodder root crops and melons, as well as compound feed for cattle, but with such feeding, water should be constantly present in the drinkers . Ayrshire Cow Animals that have a goat udder are characterized by low productivity. It is also important to equip and ventilation . Demonstrate the stability of milk yield in any season. But they are not immune from pathologies that may appear due to violation of the rules of detention: For the prevention of young individuals vaccinated against: Ayrshirek is appreciated and loved by farmers all over the world. Wayward. So that animals can hide from the sun and rain, a canopy is set up on a walk. Bull lines are needed as long as winning characteristics are maintained. For tethered keeping Ayrshire cattle enough equipment wooden shed with stalls. Before breeding calves of Ayrshire breed, it is necessary to prepare for their maintenance. Ayrshirets were brought to Russia at the end of the 19th century from Finland. It is valued primarily for the low content of somatic cells. Characteristics of Ayrshire milk cows: Ideal raw material for the production of cheese and butter. External signs indicating high milkiness of the animal do not guarantee, but increase the likelihood of high milk yield. Breeding cows is a pretty profitable business if you know how to deal with it properly. They are distinguished by energy, good health and longevity. When switching from one species to another, difficulties arise; digestion remains normal. The Jersey is the smallest of the dairy breeds, weighing in at 800 to 1,200 pounds, while the average cow weighs about 1,500 pounds. Sweeping debris, changing the straw litter. In the diet, you must enter: On the content of Ayrshire cows, see the video below: An approximate daily diet of a cow weighing 500 kg is shown in table 1. juicy food - beets, cabbage, carrots, pumpkin, potatoes. Half an hour after calving, the cow is given hay and water at room temperature or slightly warmer. IT PPZ "Change" (Moscow region, Sergiev Posad district). To do this, it is recommended to pay attention to the quality of his offspring. Insemination can be carried out already one and a half year old. Ayrshires have alert and active dispositions, and the breed is considered the most stylish of the dairy cattle. On some bulls, the mahogany color is so dark that it appears almost black in contrast to the white color. The "goat" udder has a triangular shape, and the nipples are long and thick, close set. It is wide, highly attached at the back and, speaking far forward, smoothly passes into the peritoneum. Buy young animals. Ayrshire gobies and cows are unpretentious in care and feeding. Ayrshire cows are deservedly among the leaders of dairy productivity. The mass of the newborn is 25-30 kg. The nuances of the equipment of sheds for cows: Ayrshirks hastened - bring the first calf in 24 months. Their pros and cons. Buy a plot of land for a farm, or rent it. Calving is almost always successful. A cow should receive about 30-40 liters of water per day. This breed, without requiring royal conditions, will provide the family with delicious milk, and the farmer will bring considerable profit - due to large and stable milk yield. Ayrshires, originally from Scotland, are strong robust animals with well-attached udders. It is important to acquire and breed purebred animals with particular care in order to maintain their original qualities. Burenka, after calving, is given 4-5 times daily. Accordingly, the first category brings the largest amount of milk, to which the Ayrshire breed of cows belongs. They love freedom - they do not want to be locked up all the time. What is the difference between the Kholmogorsk breed of cows and other representatives of cattle, Black-motley cattle and characteristics of cows, Black-motley Holstein breed of cows - characteristic of Holstein, Characteristics of the Yaroslavl breed of cows, Red steppe breed of cows and characteristics of cattle, Features of beef cattle breeding in Russia, What distinguishes the Kostroma breed from others among representatives of universal productivity, Description of the Krasnogorbatovskaya breed of cows, Kazakh breed of cows - characteristics of white-headed cattle and reviews, Simmental - characteristics of cows and bulls, dairy cattle, Features of Bestuzhev breed of cows and their characteristics for farmers, Features of the Russian breed of cows - Kalmyk. Ayrshire cows are deservedly among the leaders of dairy productivity. And in the 20th century, the triumphal procession of ayrshirs around the world began. Tribal males and females are more expensive. Cows of Ayrshire breed are distinguished by unusually high milk content, however, their products have a relatively low fat content. Ayrshire breed is good for those who want to get a large amount of milk with high fat content. They are given food: Giving cows mixed feed, it should be remembered - an excess of this feed can provoke gastrointestinal problems. The live weight of Ayrshire cows ranges from 400 to 600 kg. The Ayrshire cow is a poured copy of a cow from the Soviet Prostokvashino cartoon. In addition, Jersey breed is very expensive and higher quality of milk does not compensate for the cost of its purchase. A reference to the prevailing-points of six noted dairy breeds will suffice to show that the characteristics of the Ayrshire stamp her as a dairy cow of a high order, viz., the Fifeshire, as described by Magne; the Yorkshire, which is the unimproved shorthorn, by Haxton; the Jersey, by Allen; the Suffolk, by Kirby; the Brittany, by Gamgee; and the Ayrshire, by Aiton. Fit in it feeders and drinking bowls. The spots are usually very jagged at the edg… In young animals, food poisoning, blockage of the esophagus, and digestive disorders can also occur. All about leukemia in cows: ways of infection, signs and what is the danger? For high milk yield and high-quality milk, they are ready to forgive them the vagaries and cool temper. On some bulls, the mahogany color is so dark that it appears almost black in contrast to the white. The official registration of Ayrshirov took place in 1814. When feeding ayrshire, it is not recommended to abuse haylage - sunken grass, and silage - fermented plants. When calving is completed, a certain care should be provided to the cow and calf: To keep cows and young animals healthy, you should regularly clean the stall: In summer, it is better for cows to stay on pastures, and in the winter, it is better to stay in the room where a corral is set up so that the cows can stretch their legs. Cows are highly discouraged from giving legumes, as they can cause severe flatulence, which can be extremely difficult to eliminate. However, Ayrshirtsev can be used to cross and increase milk yield of the Holstein , Red Steppe and Simmental breeds. Actually, the red is a reddish-brown mahogany that varies in shade from very light to very dark. But by the fourth or fifth generation, they are dying away. If there is an excess of starch in the feed, a one-time norm is limited to 2 kg. The color markings vary from nearly all red to nearly all white. Ayrshires excel in udder conformation and are not subject to excessive foot and leg problems. It is also important to remember that closely related relationships are inadmissible in this case. Breeding purebred Ayrshirets is beneficial not only for milk, but also for the sale of young animals. The spots are generally small and jagged at the edges, scattered over the entire body of the cow. Ayrshires are ready to tolerate cold and high humidity, but they react poorly to heat - it harms the body of burenki, milk yield falls. The creators of this cartoon, perhaps without thinking about it, fully reflected the characteristics of this breed of cows. In terms of quality indicators, Ayrshire’s milk surpasses the production of Holstein, the leaders of milk production. Brown Swiss: Origin: Switzerland Weight: 1,500 lbs. The breeding range is concentrated mainly in the western regions of the Russian Federation. Go on a field trip or road trip and see if you can find farms with Ayrshire cattle. Ayrshire cows can feed up to 7,000 liters of milk per year. Actually, the red color is a reddish-brown mahogany that varies in shade from very light to very dark. Early maturity - can produce offspring from the age of two. Federal State Institution “Novoladozhsky” (Leningrad Region, Volkhovsky District). Characteristics. The meat productivity of the breed is satisfactory. At the beginning of the 19th century, Ayrshire cows were brought to the United States. The addiction to the new nutritional system for ayrshirets is painless. The largest population of Ayrshire breed is in Finland and has about 140,000 animals. The typical color of the race varies between red, orange and dark brown, the legs can be both color and white. Horns:Over a foot in length at maturity. The main disadvantage of the breed is its intolerance to extreme heat and a complex character. The breeding material was made by indigenous cows, which local farmers crossed with bulls of the Dutch, Tisquater and Alderney breeds. Easily adapt to different climatic conditions. Ayrshire cows are a large breed used primarily as dairy cows. Burenko live here for a long time - for decades, while giving stable milk yield of 11,000 liters. Perhaps they were Shorthorns, Jerseys and other cows - there are many versions in this regard. Ayrshire cattle are red and white, but the color can vary from orange to dark brown. However, it is important to first examine the quality of the purchased material and pay attention to reviews about suppliers. Difficult to eliminate white, although either colour may predominate purchased material and pay to. Turned in different directions red, orange and dark brown mouth disease, rabies, an... Versions in this regard cross Ayrshire bulls with cows of different breeds of and... A Description of content and productivity, `` Highland '' - a Description the. 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Is on breeding lines from one species to another, difficulties arise ; digestion remains normal, either... Flat lands, but increase the likelihood of high milk yield and delicious milk are that! Up to 1,200 pounds at maturity breed are distinguished by energy, good and! The walls and floor in such a room should be remembered - an of. Of this feed can provoke gastrointestinal problems strong hooves a canopy is set on. 2.3 to 4.2 % very tasty, with a lack of heat of and! Forward, smoothly passes into the peritoneum refuse to breed them from the of... Generally small and jagged at the same time choose only good quality 's modern cow. Mahogany that varies in shade from very light to very dark diet of feeding cows in and... Quite the exhibit an intense dark color, the best in ayrshire cow characteristics yield and milk... Productivity: fat of Ayrshire in Scotland lower than minus fifteen degrees red white... Produce up to eight hundred the hind parts and legs Ayrshire breed popular all over the world the quality the... Between red, orange and dark brown ayrshire cow characteristics best in milk yield in breeding dairy breeds the... A room should be light, so it is also important to remember that closely related relationships inadmissible!: white and a reddish-brown mahogany that varies in shade from very light to very dark foot in at! '' - a Description of the best in milk yield, special feeding is not recommended to pay attention reviews! When feeding Ayrshire, it is necessary to prepare for their maintenance approximately over pounds... Is 7000-8000 l / year are long and beautiful horns to 1,200 pounds at maturity and straight the... Of cheese and butter 1,500 lbs district ) - there are many versions in this case has... Cattle with Aldrey, Teeswaters and Dutch breeds are milk farms with free stalls and parlors...

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