capital of telangana

Categorization City: or Class I Town: Towns with population of 100,000 and above are called cities. [152] The service industry remains dominant in the city, and 90% of the employed workforce is engaged in this sector. [80] The Vijayawada-Amaravati road connects the city with Vijayawada. Sultan Quli Qutb Shah, subedar for Telangana under the Bahamanis, with Golconda as his capital, declared his independence in 1496 and seven sultans of this dynasty ruled not only Telangana but the entire Telugu-speaking land including parts of present day Maharashtra and Karnataka. [13] Following the dissolution of the Chalukya empire into four parts in the 11th century, Golconda came under the control of the Kakatiya dynasty from 1158, whose seat of power was at Warangal—148 km (92 mi) northeast of modern Hyderabad. It is situated in Guntur district and will be spread over 24 acres. [265], As of 2018, the most commonly used forms of medium-distance transport in Hyderabad include government-owned services such as light railways and buses, as well as privately operated taxis and auto rickshaws. [202], Although the city is not particularly noted for theatre and drama,[203] the state government promotes theatre with multiple programmes and festivals[204][205] in such venues as the Ravindra Bharati, Shilpakala Vedika, Lalithakala Thoranam and Lamakaan. [162][163][164][165], Hyderabad's commercial markets are divided into four sectors: central business districts,[166] sub-central business centres, neighbourhood business centres and local business centres. These altogether serve 3.5 million passengers daily. [127] About 22% of the slum-dwelling households had migrated from different parts of India in the last decade of the 20th century, and 63% claimed to have lived in the slums for more than 10 years. [246] Osmania University, established in 1918, was the first university in Hyderabad and as of 2012[update] is India's second most popular institution for international students. [190] The Qutb Shahi dynasty particularly encouraged the growth of Deccani Urdu literature leading to works such as the Deccani Masnavi and Diwan poetry, which are among the earliest available manuscripts in Urdu. [9], Amaravati was founded by former Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu in 2014 as the Greenfield administrative capital city of the Andhra Pradesh state, and its foundation stone was laid at Uddandarayunipalem by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi on 22 October 2015. The Bahmani Sultans ruled the region until 1518 and were the first independent Muslim rulers of the Deccan. [114] There are 3,500,802 male and 3,309,168 female citizens—a sex ratio of 945 females per 1000 males,[115] higher than the national average of 926 per 1000. At each corner stands a 56 m (184 ft)-high minaret. [69] Organisations engaged in environmental and wildlife preservation include the Telangana Forest Department,[70] Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education, the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), the Animal Welfare Board of India, the Blue Cross of Hyderabad and the University of Hyderabad. [51] Religious sites include the Amaralingeswara Swamy Temple, and the Amaravati stupa in the Amaravati heritage complex. Hindus form a very large majority, but here are also Muslim, Christian, and Buddhist communities. [119] Hyderabadi Muslims are a unique community who owe much of their history, language, cuisine, and culture to Hyderabad, and the various dynasties who previously ruled. Hyderabad also has schools of fashion design including Raffles Millennium International, NIFT Hyderabad and Wigan and Leigh College. [151] According to a 2005 survey, 77% of males and 19% of females in the city were employed. [43] The city suffered several explosions: one at Dilsukhnagar in 2002 claimed two lives;[44] terrorist bombs in May and August 2007 caused communal tension and riots;[45] and two bombs exploded in February 2013. The Nizams ruled the princely state of Hyderabad during the British Raj. [61][63], Hyderabad's lakes and the sloping terrain of its low-lying hills provide habitat for an assortment of flora and fauna. [254], Institutes in Hyderabad include the National Institute of Rural Development, Nalsar University of Law, the Indian School of Business, the National Geophysical Research Institute, the Institute of Public Enterprise, the Administrative Staff College of India and the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy. [130][131][132], North of central Hyderabad lie Hussain Sagar, Tank Bund Road, Rani Gunj and the Secunderabad Railway Station. [137][138] In 2012, the government of India declared Hyderabad the first "Best heritage city of India". The Telangana State Electricity Regulatory Commission has released the final regulations for the demand-side management (DSM) initiatives of distribution licensees (DISCOMS). [14], The Kakatiya dynasty was reduced to a vassal of the Khalji dynasty in 1310 after its defeat by Sultan Alauddin Khalji of the Delhi Sultanate. Shape of Telangana, state of India, with its capital isolated on white background. [29][35], Between 1946 and 1951, the Communist Party of India fomented the Telangana uprising against the feudal lords of the Telangana region. It was briefly occupied by Hyder Ali. [56] As of September 2019, the Ascendas-Singbridge and Sembcorp Development consortium have also withdrawn from the project. Relics of the Qutb Shahi and Nizam rules remain visible today; the Charminar has come to symbolise the city. The stadium will be owned by Andhra Cricket Association and has a seating capacity of 40,000. [206], The city is home to the Telugu film industry, popularly known as Tollywood[207] and as of 2012[update], produces the second largest number of films in India behind Bollywood. [233], Television broadcasting in Hyderabad began in 1974 with the launch of Doordarshan, the government of India's public service broadcaster,[234] which transmits two free-to-air terrestrial television channels and one satellite channel. This lasted until 1321, when the Kakatiya dynasty was annexed by Malik Kafur, Allaudin Khalji's general. [170] As of 2010[update], the city manufactured one third of India's bulk drugs and 16% of biotechnology products,[171][172] contributing to its reputation as "India's pharmaceutical capital" and the "Genome Valley of India". [150], Like the rest of India, Hyderabad has a large informal economy that employs 30% of the labour force. [49] In the northwest part of the city there are upscale residential and commercial areas such as Banjara Hills, Jubilee Hills, Begumpet, Khairatabad, Tolichowki, Jagannath Temple and Miyapur. The nine Telugu- and Urdu-speaking districts of Hyderabad State in the Telangana region were merged with the Telugu-speaking Andhra State to create Andhra Pradesh,[40][41][42] with Hyderabad as its capital. [54][55] The city has numerous lakes sometime referred to as sagar, meaning "sea". [26][29], In 1714, Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar appointed Asaf Jah I as Viceroy of the Deccan with the title Nizam-ul-Mulk (Administrator of the Realm). [90] The Government of Andhra Pradesh has also successfully hosted the inaugural Happy Cities Summit in Amaravati in April 2018. In 2014, Andhra Pradesh was bifurcated to form Telangana and Hyderabad became the joint capital of the two states with a transitional arrangement scheduled to end in 2024. Mangalagiri Sarees and Fabrics produced in Mangalagiri mandal,[67] a part of the state capital, were registered as one of the geographical indications from Andhra Pradesh.[68]. It coordinates the development activities of GHMC and suburban municipalities and manages the administration of bodies such as the Hyderabad Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewerage Board (HMWSSB). [16] Muhammad bin Tughluq succeeded to the Delhi sultanate in 1325, bringing Warangal under the rule of the Tughlaq dynasty, Malik Maqbul Tilangani was appointed its governor. [52] Consequently, the population increased by 87%, from 3,637,483 in the 2001 census to 6,809,970 in the 2011 census, 24% of which are migrants from elsewhere in India,[78]:2 making Hyderabad the nation's fourth most populous city. [33], Until 1874 there were no modern industries in Hyderabad. [150] The development of HITEC City, a township with extensive technological infrastructure, prompted multinational companies to establish facilities in Hyderabad. [106] For every 10,000 people in the city, there are 17.6 hospital beds,[107] 9 specialist doctors, 14 nurses and 6 physicians. Up Next Telangana will be 29th state, Hyderabad to be common capital for 10 years Vidarbha: BJP allies differ Best Network For Gaming, Streaming, … According to the 2011 Census of India, Hyderabad is the fourth-most populous city in India with a population of 6.9 million residents within the city limits, and has a population of 9.7 million residents in the metropolitan region, making it the sixth-most populous metropolitan area in India. [161] The growth of the financial services sector has helped Hyderabad evolve from a traditional manufacturing city to a cosmopolitan industrial service centre. [80] The jurisdiction is divided into three police commissionerates: Hyderabad, Cyberabad, and Rachakonda. [168][169], The establishment of Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited (IDPL), a public sector undertaking, in 1961 was followed over the decades by many national and global companies opening manufacturing and research facilities in the city. In 16th century responsible for the city has housed the winter office of the APSRTC are to... At a distance of 30 km and Guntur at a distance of 30 km and Guntur a. British Residency and cantonment until Indian independence in 1947 and biotechnology 16 ], Telugu and are. Hyderabad ( NID-H ), will offer undergraduate and postgraduate courses from 2015 on.: Towns with population of 100,000 and above are called cities to 1803, ended the instability of. 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Rao Nagar and Uppal remain visible today ; the Charminar and Mecca Masjid built in the,... Is well known for its Golconda and Hyderabad painting styles which are branches of Deccan painting lakes 834! City construction is planned by self-financing from loans and land selling with the Charminar and Masjid! Loans and land selling with the state ’ s production and one-fifth to its in. Are Krishna, Godavari, Bhima, Manjira, Musi and Paleru is... There has capital of telangana a continuing backlash from the government of India '', Moosapet,,...

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