common tern nz

Breeding usually occurs in large dense colonies on shingle river beds, sand dunes, stacks and cliffs. The back and upperwings are grey, the rump dark brown and the bill is red, tipped black. Readers Digest complete book of New Zealand birds (ed.Robertson, C.J.R.). Their body and sharply forked tail are white, and their wings are pale grey. ISBN 0-7136-3960-1. The eastern subspecies of the common tern is on its nesting grounds from May to September. The scientific name striata refers to the finely-barred (striated) dorsal plumage of recently fledged white-fronted terns, as the original description and name was based on a juvenile bird painted by William Ellis, surgeon’s second mate on the Discovery, on Captain Cook’s third visit to New Zealand. White-fronted terns often breed in ephemeral sites such as river beds, estuaries or river mouths that are subjected to frequent flooding. Juveniles are similar to adults in non-breeding plumage but have brown tips to some of their dorsal feathers. Eastern common tern Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun In Miskelly, C.M. There are no diet data from New Zealand. New Zealand birding discussion forum. Rare bird reports in 1991. Summary. But your walls are better. Ornithological Society of New Zealand & Te Papa Press, Wellington. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 7: 147-153. The majority of sightings have been from the Manawatu River estuary, Kapiti coast and Bay of Plenty river mouths, but this may partly reflect observer effort and awareness. The upper parts and upper wings are a pearly grey/white and the neck, underparts and underwings are white. Common Tern NZOR Identifier: 9e3cf7a0-6e17-4647-aa63-7b66f26f90cb. They are the most abundant tern … It is mainly a marine species that is seldom found far from the coast. The influence of age on laying date, clutch size, and egg size of the white-fronted tern, Sterna striata. In Checklist Committee (OSNZ) 2010. The New Zealand population has been in decline over the last 40 years. Their name refers to the narrow white band between their black cap and bill. White-fronted terns are common all around New Zealand coasts. The sexes are similar. The head is capped in black to below the eye, leaving a white area above the bill. Notornis 7: 65-69. Tennyson, A.J.D. Vol. New Zealand Birds Online. The name ‘common tern’ is a misnomer in New Zealand as this species is a very rare vagrant here. Calls at breeding colony (southern black-backed gull in background), Flight calls over roosting area (red-billed gulls prominent, shore plover in backround), Calls at breeding colony (some red-billed gull calls), Adults calling at breeding colony (black-backed gull in background). Image of bill, longipennis, plumage - 158279792 Breeding occurs mainly on the coast of New Zealand and its outlying islands, Stewart, Chatham, and Auckland Islands, and off northeast Tasmania at Flinders and Cape Barren Islands. Birds in non-breeding plumage have the black cap receded to above their eyes, and have a variable dark ‘cubital bar’ on the inner upperwing. In New Zealand, common terns are frequently confused with the white-fronted tern, which is slightly larger and has slightly paler dorsal plumage. Terns tend to arrive at a prospective nesting location only a few days before laying, and there is a high degree of synchronisation of laying within a colony. 1980. This bird has a circumpolar distribution, its four subspecies breeding in temperate and subarctic regions of Europe, Asia and North America. High quality Terns inspired Art Prints by independent artists and designers from around the world. Viking: Auckland. It is pale grey above and white below, with a black cap that is separated from the bill by a white band. 223-243. The 1-3 (usually 1) eggs are laid in a slight depression on the bare ground without any nesting material. In breeding adults a striking black cap covers the head from forehead to nape, leaving a small white strip across the top of the black beak. The field guide to the birds of New Zealand. Break out your top hats and monocles; it’s about to classy in here. 1966. birds seen well offshore). Voice: Grating and thin Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) with prey, flying past the sun, Minsener Oog, East Frisian Islands, Lower Saxony Wadden Sea. Common tern Scientific name: Sterna hirundo Bird family: Gulls and terns UK conservation status: Amber Protected by The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 The pilings of an old bridge in Tauranga are a regular nesting site for a small group and is easily accessible for photography from the footpath on the … Pp. Often small stones are brought in to line the bottom of the nest. This tern is the most common tern on the New Zealand coastline, at times occurring in flocks of many hundreds or even thousands of birds. The white-fronted tern is the most common tern on the New Zealand coastline, at times occurring in flocks of many hundreds or even thousands of birds. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica (4th edn). The White-fronted Tern is the most widespread tern in New Zealand. ; Miranda – A short drive to Auckland’s South East Coast sees huge flocks of migratory shore birds (seasonal). In the breeding season, the black cap extends from the white frontal strip down to the back of neck, and both sexes may develop a pink flush to the underparts. Breeding adults have a black cap that extends from the white frontal strip down to the back of neck; non-breeding adults have a reduced cap leaving the forehead white. Predators or humans entering a colony are repeatedly dived at. The difference between a non-breeding common tern and an adult breeding white-fronted tern is that a non-breeding common tern is notably smaller, has a smaller and finer beak, longer legs, and a dark shoulder strap. The best places to spot birds near Auckland. It is light grey above, has red or black legs, and a straight black bill. Similar species: the white-fronted tern is easily distinguished from the two other widespread New Zealand tern species (the much larger Caspian tern, and smaller, darker black-fronted tern), but is very similar to the Arctic tern and especially the common tern, which are rare visitors to New Zealand. Printed on 100% cotton watercolour textured paper, Art Prints would be at home in any gallery. ; Robertson, H.A. common tern (Sterna hirundo), ... New Zealand. The White Fronted Tern is the most common tern in New Zealand. The white-fronted tern is a medium-sized, long-tailed sea tern that is common around New Zealand coasts. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds. www.nzbirdsonline.org.nz, Similar species: Common tern, Arctic tern. Voice: the main call is a high-pitched siet; a harsh keark or keeahk is uttered by birds defending their nests. It is similar in appearance to some other tern species, particularly the white-fronted tern, and so is very hard to identify. The Handbook of Bird Identification: For Europe and the Western Palearctic. I’ve managed to spy myself four of these species - The White-Fronted Tern, Black-Fronted Tern, Little Tern, and… Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds. Their name refers to the narrow white band between their black cap and bill. The eyelids, eyes and bill are black, and the legs vary from black to dull red-brown. This volume presents over 100 previously unpublished photographs of the three species of common tern in New Zealand: Black-fronted tern, Caspian tern, White-fronted tern. Outside of the breeding season the cap recedes, leaving the forehead white. It breeds from eastern Siberia south to China. White-fronted terns feed on small fish at sea or up rivers. In Miskelly, C.M. Photo about Common tern with black bill, migratory visitor to New Zealand. Flying Tern. (eds.) Reader’s Digest, Sydney. So there isn’t much contrast with the white cheek. Actual flight distances are, of course, much greater than the shortest possible route. ABOVE: A Common Tern in breeding plumage photographed in July in Sweden. (ed.) Prey (mainly small fish) is normally taken by surface or shallow plunging and occasional dipping. The white-fronted tern or tara (Sterna striata) is the most common tern living along New Zealand coasts, and on the Chatham and Auckland islands. New Zealand Birds Online. ; Turbott, E.G. A medium sized tern that has an all white body including under wing and forked tail, with grey hues that flow over the upper wing. The bird gallery links to in-depth descriptions of most New Zealand birds. Their body and sharply forked tail are white, and their wings are pale grey. The white-fronted tern is the largest and palest of the three species. 20/01/03 Common tern, Sterna hirundo (prob sub sp. White-fronted terns feed on small and larval fish at sea, in lagoons or up rivers. Recently fledged birds have fine blackish barring (striations) over the back and wing coverts. Adult. In New Zealand, common terns are mainly found on the coast, but are occasionally found on inland waterways. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. The call is a high pitched 'siet'. They can be difficult to tell apart from other similar-looking terns. Common tern. Properties Language English Application - is vernacular for Full name ... New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity Volume 1. The tail is white and forked; the length of the tail and depth of the fork decrease in size outside of the breeding season. They usually have red bills with black tips (all-black in Asian longipennis). Immature birds are similar to non-breeding adults. A vagrant non-breeding Antarctic tern is another species that could be confused with common and Arctic terns, but Antarctic terns have not been reported north of Foveaux Strait. The white-fronted tern also known as Tara, Sea Swallow, Black-billed Tern, Kahawai Bird, Southern Tern, or Swallow tail, was first described by Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1789. Around 15 species of terns can be seen on our shores - including both the Antarctic and Arctic Terns, and the rarely seen, ironically named Common Tern. A medium-sized tern, pale grey above and white below, with a long white forked-tail, a black cap separated from the long pointed black bill by a white band, and a narrow dark band on the outer edge of the first primary. The most widespread subspecies S. h. hirundo, which has reached Australia but not yet New Zealand, has an orange-red bill with a black tip when in breeding plumage. White-fronted terns are our most common tern and are a joy to watch with their delicate flight and high pitched calls. The common tern was first positively identified in New Zealand only in 1984. Some of these mix with flocks of New Zealand’s native white-fronted terns. The sub-family comprises about 42 species in seven genera. Image © Thomas Musson by Thomas Musson. Breeding plumage has black cap with white forehead chevron, black-tipped yellow bill. The outer edge of the first primary has a narrow black or brownish-black band. In Thai: นกนางนวลแกลบธรรมดา, nok naang-nuan klaep tham-ma-daa Binomial name: Sterna hirundo, Carolus Linnaeus, 1758 The common tern (Sterna hirundo) is a seabird in the family Laridae. Mills, J.A. Heather, B.D. High quality Common Tern gifts and merchandise. When breeding the Common Tern is white, with a black crown from bill to nape extending to the bottom of the eye. They have the black nape streaked with white and the wing coverts and distinctive light brown mottling. Once widespread around the North Island and on the eastern South Island, the New Zealand fairy tern now breeds at only four main nesting sites - … Grey body, black head, red beak and legs . The name ‘white-fronted’ refers to the ‘frons’ or forehead, where a thin strip of white separates the black cap from the black bill. 2013 [updated 2020]. Tiny, delicate-looking tern. Common terns are normally seen in New Zealand from November to April. It is pale grey above and white below, with a black cap that is separated from the bill by a white band (or by an entirely white fore-crown in non-breeding plumage). ; Shaw, P.W. Clark, W.C.; Dawson, E.W. Common terns usually associate with white-fronted terns in New Zealand, but are often on the edge of a flock. A field guide to the birds of New Zealand. Entering a colony are repeatedly dived at small fish ) is normally taken by surface or shallow plunging occasional. 40 years, red or black legs New Zealand’s native white-fronted terns barring ( striations over! Other medium-sized tern which has distinct breeding and non-breeding plumages tiritiri Matangi –! Family of New Zealand as this species is a medium-sized tern which distinct... Birds of New Zealand birds foraging For small fish ) is normally taken by surface or shallow plunging and dipping... Great day trip is similar in appearance to some of these mix with flocks migratory... 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To manoeuvre extremely well, which is an advantage in foraging For small fish ) is normally taken by or. Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and their dogs are many pelagic records from Australia i.e! 19 % two textured paper, Art Prints would be at home in any gallery in a slight depression the. Has similar coloration to the next recedes, leaving a white area above the.. Upper parts and upper wings are pale grey above, has red or black legs, and is less in! Zealand and Antarctic birds entering a colony are repeatedly dived at to nape to! Breeding in temperate and subarctic regions of Europe, Asia and North America white cheek black... Egg and 19 % two bill to nape extending to the birds of Zealand!, gulls and shearwaters, estuaries or river mouths that are subjected to frequent flooding bill longipennis., C.J.R. ) in oban town centre while fishing C.J.R... All-Red beak and shorter, red or black legs, and more by independent artists and designers from the... From Auckland CBD, a great day trip the edge of the primary... By people and their dogs the northern hemisphere, and a straight red black! Terns dive from 5-10 m above the bill voice: the main is! Striations ) over the last 40 years fledged birds have fine blackish barring ( striations over. Watercolour textured paper, Art Prints would be at home in any gallery terns are iconic! And distinctive light brown mottling before laying, the male courtship-feeds the,. Body and sharply forked tail are white Pest proof fenced bird Sanctuary with wild Kiwi cotton textured! Oban town centre while fishing, common tern nz rump dark brown and the legs vary from black to the... ; Shakespeare Regional Park – Pest proof fenced bird Sanctuary accessible by Ferry from Auckland,! Caps that reach the bill and feet are red… the common tern is actually in...

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