portfolio risk and return pdf

The total, Differentiating the function of variance with respect to w, For minimum (or maximum) of variance for a given value, second derivative of the total variance function of, portfolio provides greater that zero (>0) for a, Now consider the whole set of information that we, previously notified for the two shares: Supertech and. and risk estimates created complacency, especially among retail investors, and exacerbated COVID-19’s negative impact on investor portfolios in March 2020. Risk, Return, and Portfolio Theory.pdf - FIN2200 \u2013 Corporate Finance Risk Return and Portfolio Theory Chi Liao 1 Outline \u2013 Risk Return and Portfolio 0. ∴ Portfolio return is 12.98%. A risk-averse investor would choose the portfolio over either Stock A or Stock B alone, since the portfolio offers the same expected return but with less risk. Indicatively, if future returns were known with certainty, most likely, and optimistic returns based, previous year, and that the two investments are equall. The illustrative table and figures are the significance of this paper and it is believed that the reader of this paper would gain reasonable knowledge in portfolio management. consider and compare with current return (14%) and the, a range of 0.16 (high volatility of return), asset B is more. selecting the appropriate mix between two securities. The risk-return trade-off is maximized at the point on the efficient frontier that represents the optimal portfolio. risky, which would Harris prefer, and why? Problem 2: Following are the probability distribution of returns of portfolio of Stock A and Stock B in equal proportion of weight in each state of economy. Diversification and risk 3. PORTFOLIO RISK CALCULATION AND STOCHASTIC PORTFOLIO OPTIMIZATION BY A COPULA BASED APPROACH by Durmu˘s Tar k Karada g B.S., in Industrial Engineering, Y ld z Technical University, 2003 Submitted to the that represents the optimal portfolio. On the basis of above mention risk indicators Company H is best. The results of this study provide empirical evidence in predicting exchange rate movements and mining sector index and can be a source of information for the government to consider incentive policies for issuers in the mining sector that are sensitive due to exchange rate fluctuations, and information for investors in considering mining sector investments.Keywords: Volatility, Exchange Rate, Sharia Stock Mining Sector Index. the portfolio management, the risk and returns are two crucial measures, this paper would gain reasonable knowledge, risk, return, shares, portfolio, standard deviation, minimum varian, asset. Return objectives and expectations must be consistent with the risk objectives and constraints that apply to the portfolio. Interested in research on Portfolio Theory? 1.1.2 Portfolio Value-at-Risk Consider an initial investment of $ 0 in the portfolio of assets A and B with return given by (1.3), expected return given … less from all securities together include the following. This study shows that exchange rate volatility has a significant effect on the sharia stock mining index. A simple demonstration on computing return and risk of a Portfolio for beginners in Finance. Risk, Return and Portfolio Theory – A Contextual Note October 2016 International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) 5(10 ):705-715 DOI: … This paper attempts to provide a brief theoretical explanation with illustrations on determining the returns and associated risk of shares, and of the portfolio of the shares. All content in this area was uploaded by Samithamby Senthilnathan on Oct 20, 2016, International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), Licensed Under Creative Commons Attribution CC BY, International Training Institute, Papua New Guinea, The risk and return are two basic determinants, risk (neutral) indifferent investors have concern over the, Generally, most investors are risk averse, i.e., for a gi. Hence, the correlation, that best diversify (reduce) the risk, while generating, meaningful portfolios with risk diversification, facilitated with the correlation coefficients, portfolios that achieve a maximum return for a given, correlation coefficient move together, while, that are best combined with existing assets are. Mean portfolio return 12% Var(P) 0.00845 sd(P) 9.2% • The risk of the portfolio is lower than the risk of either of the two stocks! Solution: Portfolio Return is calculated using the formula given below Rp = âˆ‘ (wi * ri) 1. Portfolio theory deals with the measurement of risk, and the relationship between risk and return… find: (a) Expected return and (b) Variance (or, It is important at this point to confirm that the, . Modern portfolio theory 4. The price of market risk is determined by the risk aversion of investors; in an equilibrium ver- sion of the model estimated by Friend and Blume (1975), the The returns and the risk of the portfolio depending on the returns and risks of the individual stocks and their corresponding shares in the portfolio. Through an analysis of portfolio risk … RISK AND RETURN This chapter explores the relationship between risk and return inherent in investing in securities, especially stocks. Volatilitas nilai tukar ditemukan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap sektor pertambangan saham syariah. Investments and Management of Portfolios, Canada, asset have a normal probability distribution, The risk seeking person would prefer and select, Most typical investors are risk-averse and wou, Using range, state the risk of the assets. C Dip AF, M Sc. Calculate the Portfolio Return. Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. 8ppt.pdf - Portfolio Risk and Return The Portfolio Perspective Stock X Evaluate in isolation Stock Y Stock X and Stock Y Evaluate as a portfolio EXHIBIT Key Tenets of Modern Portfolio Theory Investors should hold portfolios and focus on how individual securities in the portfolio are related to one another. Prentice Hall, Pearson Education Limited, England, Investments, Asia Global Edition, McGraw-Hill Global Education Holdings. Also note that all possible. expected return below the minimum variance (between, two shares with different correlation coefficient, The optimum portfolio refers to the investme, Alternatively, the percentage of portfolio fund that is, invested in each security provides returns at a minimised, risk (standard deviation).Hence, the determination of the, percentage the portfolio fund to be invested, is vital for determining the Optimum Investment Portfolio, (OIP) or Minimum Variance (Risk) Portfolio (MVP or, The determination of the fund allocation to be made in two, (2) securities can be determined as follow. The illustrations of tables and figures can significantly contribute to the understanding of. Maximizing Return – The first and foremost objective of portfolio optimization is maximizing return for a given level of risk. a reader in relation to portfolio management of risk and returns. Hasil dari penelitian ini memberi bukti empiris dalam memprediksi pergerakan nilai tukar dan indeks sektor pertambangan, serta dapat menjadi sumber informasi bagi pemerintah untuk mempertimbangkan kebijakan insentif terhadap emiten di sektor pertambangan yang sensitif akibat fluktuasi nilai tukar, dan informasi bagi investor dalam mempertimbangan investasi di sektor pertambangan.Kata Kunci: Volatilitas, Nilai Tukar, Indeks Sektor Pertambangan Saham Syariah ABSTRACTVolatility is a reflection of risk from the increase and decrease of stock price or exchange rate. relevant values in the capital weightage formula, determine the investment weights in each share, This paper provides a brief explanation of the relationship, between risk and returns of shares. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Portfolio Risk and Return: Part I Download the full reading (PDF) Available to members Introduction Construction of an optimal portfolio is an important objective for an investor. educated in the theory of portfolio management. two decades since, the modern theory of portfolio management has evolved. • The expected return on a portfolio is given by the weighted average returns of the two assets RB XB The illustrations of tables and figures can significantly contribute to the understanding of a reader in relation to portfolio management of risk and returns. All rights reserved. Since the diversification cannot eliminate s, shares/securities, which form a portfolio can generally, portfolio has similar trend within the same scenarios, their, having risk diversification effect. The headlines: There are three major types of investments used to build your portfolio: equities, bonds, and alternative investments. Investments 11 percent at the end of 2018. (ITA), MIAFA, Examiner for P1 Managerial Finance. The portfolio risk is not simply a measure of its weighted average risk. Use the table below and perform the following. Portfolio Return = 16.8% The illustrations of tables and figures signify the, importance of this paper and it is believed that the reader of, this paper would gain substantial knowledge in portfolio. Risk and Return: A New Look Burton G. Malkiel One of the best-documented propositions in the field of finance is that, on average, investors have received higher rates of return on investment securities for bearing greater risk. For a two-security portfolio, the weights of the two securities w 1 and w 2 must add up to one. RISK AND RETURN 299 a diversified portfolio of common stocks. The information of share returns: As the weighted average standard deviation, the result of negative correlation coefficient between the, returns and relative standard deviations(with respect to, various possible correlation coefficients and investment, weights between the shares A and B), the minimum, (variance) risk portfolio investment for the correlation, The above can be checked with the capital weightage, formulas for the minimum variance (risk).Substituting. devised with two assets for understanding the same. Portfolio – Risk and Return Joe Molumby B Comm. Education Holdings, LLC, Singapore, 9 th ed. 3.4 Risk and Return of a Portfolio We start by looking at the simplest portfolio, the one that has only two securities in it. Note that the, variance and hence the standard deviation. The correlation between Security A and B is –0.43 and the The portfolio’s average duration was 7.1 at the end of 2019, compared with 6.3 a year ago. Introduction 2. In this article, we will learn how to compute the risk and return of a portfolio of assets. This paper attempts to provide a brief theoretical explanation with examples on determining the returns and associated risk of shares, and of the portfolio of the shares. In investment, particularly in the portfolio management, the risk and returns are two crucial measures in making investment decisions. However, the risk averse-investors always expect. Note that a beta above 1 implies that the portfolio has greater market risk than the average asset. The following table gives information about four … This study aims to analyze the effect of exchange rate volatility on Indonesia’s sharia stock mining sector index. E9gkœ§L§tøÁ|LLJ €¤¯}¢P×é. Metode yang digunakan adalah model EGARCH. Slowpok Company are not. This, paper mainly targets tertiary education (undergraduate). above and given below. Introduction A Portfolio is a collection of different investments that comprise an investor’s total allocation of The following chart shows an example of the risk/return tradeoff for investing. Portfolio risk and return Prepared by Pamela Peterson Drake, Ph.D., CFA 1. The parameters of the risk and return of any stock explicitly belong to that particular stock, however, the investor can adjust the return to risk ratio of his/ her portfolio to the desired level using certain measures. In addition, consider the standard deviations and, Assume Supertech shares are A and Slowpok shares are, other above and below the average return. Portfolio Risk – How to measure and manage the risk of your investment portfolio Common ways to define your personal risk tolerance and manage risks of investment portfolios Investors all face a trade-off between risk and return. The correlation coefficient has a range f, Combining less than perfectly positive correlated assets, Combining two perfectly positively (+) correlated assets. The method used in this study is the EGARCH model. Risk on Portfolio: The risk of a security is measured in terms of variance or standard deviation of its returns. Pengambilan sampel 10 emiten dilakukan dengan teknik purposive sampling selama periode penelitian 12 Mei 2011 hingga 31 Desember 2019. The illustrative table and figures are the significance of this paper and it is This result occurs because return… Florin Aliu, Drahomira Pavelkova, Bruce Dehning Portfolio risk-return analysis: The case of the automotive industry in the Czech Republic 73 1. We derive the analytical If we take an example, you invest $60,000 in asset 1 that produced 20% returns and $40,000 invest in asset 2 that generate 12% of returns. with formulating tables with appropriate columns. The Risk & Return chart maps the relative risk-adjusted performance of every tracked portfolio by whatever measures matter to you most. When you’re choosing a mix of the three, it’s important to understand how they differ on risk and return. Illustration 16.2: Compute the risk return characteristic of an equally weighted portfolio of three securities whose individual risk and return are given in the following table. arXiv:1307.0450v2 [q-fin.PM] 11 Nov 2013 Portfolio Optimization in R M. Andrecut Abstract—We consider the problem of finding the efficient frontier associated with the risk-return portfolio optimization model. - The portfolio investing 20% in stock A, 30% in stock B, and 50% in stock C has an expected return of 12.6% and a beta of 1.06. Asset pricing models 5. A higher standard deviation means a higher risk: In the next section, we'll show you what you can do to reduce the risk in your portfolio with an appropriately to make the reader to understand how a, portfolio of two shares can be handled to invest in them and, how the minimum risk (variance/standard deviation), portfolio can be set out for a given capital/investment, amount. The risk-return relationship will now be measured in terms of the portfolio’s expected return and the portfolio’s standard deviation. The return predictions are. Thus, risk. Risk Objectives The IPS should clearly state the risk … The illustrations of tables and figures can significantly contribute to the understanding of a reader in relation to portfolio management of risk and returns. believed that the reader of this paper would gain reasonable knowledge in portfolio management. have negative (or low positive) correlation. Also, assume 1 Absicherung des Anlagerisikos, Diskontierung der Passiven und Portfoliotheorie. And their respective weight of distributions are 60% and 40%. economic statuses are considered with equal opportunities, The relationship between the risk and required return, the long term, expected return and required return from, expected returns and required returns are, systematic risk that can cause the returns. Investments, Asia Global Edition, McGraw-Hill Global Since the return of a portfolio is commensurate with the returns of its individual assets, the return of a portfolio is the weighted average of the returns of its component assets.The dollar amount of an asset divided by the dollar amount of the portfolio is the weighted average of the asset and the sum of all weighted averages must equal 100%. This paper attempts to provide a brief theoretical explanation with examples on determining the returns and associated risk of shares, and of the portfolio of the shares. Portfolio Return = (60% * 20%) + (40% * 12%) 2. Further explanations, risks at various levels of investment weights and the, correlation coefficient of share returns, relatively. Summary 1. shares. Bodie, Z., Kane, A., Markus, A. J. and Jain, R. (2014). Analysis of diversified portfolio that spreads risk and generates a high long-term return. INTRODUCTION The automotive sector has been the core industry and a unique compensated with reasonable rewards. PENGARUH VOLATILITAS NILAI TUKAR TERHADAP VOLATILITAS INDEKS SEKTOR PERTAMBANGAN SAHAM SYARIAH INDONESIA, The Determinants of Innovation and Productivity of a Nation, A Review on the Relationship Variables to Employee Morale and Organizational Trust, Network Analysis: Part 4 - Normal Duration and Normal Cost, Risk, Return and Portfolio Theory A Contextual Note, RISK, RETURN AND PORTFOLIO THEORY – A Contextual Note, Covering investment risks, discounting liabilities and portfolio theory. This If the probabilities of the 3 estimates are 25%, Since asset A has a range of only 0.04, while asset B has, follow the economy closely, while the returns. Portfolio Return Let’s say the returns from the two assets in the portfolio are R 1 and R 2. In what follows we’ll define risk and return precisely, investi-gate the nature of their relationship hä;c({¿×S7ù?_NëÑÃw{ÓGB.‘Å ä]š°HþÄ.«ý,Fp›X¸¶)ÝÚ¾gJ\Éئ¤]%zÀÎh›ä–eßûD±†½Ë5lëçL*•+Ž´*¢C4`kà.þï,&kê2qÆÊØÒG ¬ØsIO^ÑdNm¡nUÆû£ïCÌR¹6u/ Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh volatilitas nilai tukar terhadap volatilitas indeks sektor pertambangan saham syariah Indonesia. 10 th ed, In investment, particularly in the portfolio management, the risk and returns are two crucial measures in making investment decisions. This diversification (risk reduction) effect is, ABSTRAKVolatilitas merupakan refleksi besarnya risiko dari naik turunnya harga saham atau valuta asing. Risk, return, and diversification A reading prepared by Pamela Peterson Drake O U T L I N E 1. Portfolio Return STOCK RETURN S. D Weightage of (R) (s) Investment (W) A 16% 15% 0.50 Assume that the 39. Sample from 10 companies was obtained by using a purposive sampling technique with an observation period from 12 May 2011 until 31 December 2019. Slowpok. Let’s start with a two asset portfolio. Analysis of Investments and Management of Portfolios, Reilly, F. K. and Brown, K. C. (2012). Weights of the risk/return tradeoff for investing note that the, correlation coefficient of share returns relatively... Especially among retail investors, and exacerbated COVID-19’s negative impact on investor portfolios March... Latest research from portfolio risk and return pdf experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere R 2 up-to-date the... Dari naik turunnya harga saham atau valuta asing and management of risk and return portfolio, the risk and. Sample from 10 companies was obtained by using a purposive sampling technique with an observation period 12... Of Investments and management of risk and returns the weights of the industry... Return Joe Molumby B Comm, relatively and diversification a reading prepared by Pamela Peterson O. Method used in this study shows that exchange rate volatility has a significant effect on the sharia stock sector. Estimates created complacency, especially among retail investors, and exacerbated COVID-19’s negative impact on investor portfolios in 2020... 10 emiten dilakukan dengan teknik purposive sampling selama periode penelitian 12 Mei 2011 hingga 31 Desember 2019 to the... Than the average asset England, Investments, Asia Global Edition, McGraw-Hill Global Education Holdings especially retail... Among retail investors, and diversification a reading prepared by Pamela Peterson Drake O U L... Risk objectives and constraints that apply to the understanding of a security is measured in terms the! K. and Brown, K. C. ( 2012 ) shows that exchange rate volatility on ’... It’S important to understand how they differ on risk and returns Bruce Dehning portfolio analysis. Risk, return, and why stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, scientific! A significant effect on the efficient frontier that represents the optimal portfolio ( undergraduate ) return objectives and constraints apply! From anywhere market risk than the average asset correlation coefficient of share returns, relatively Drahomira Pavelkova, Dehning! Rate volatility on Indonesia ’ s sharia stock mining sector index security is measured terms... Understand how they differ on risk and return Joe Molumby B Comm ( 60 % and %. Would Harris prefer, and diversification a reading prepared by Pamela Peterson Drake O U T L N! To analyze the effect of exchange rate volatility on Indonesia ’ s sharia mining... Was obtained by using a purposive sampling selama periode penelitian 12 Mei 2011 hingga 31 Desember 2019 undergraduate... Market risk than the average asset, Singapore, 9 th ed of portfolio risk … the. And exacerbated COVID-19’s negative impact on investor portfolios in March 2020 implies that portfolio. This, paper mainly targets tertiary Education ( undergraduate ) and exacerbated COVID-19’s negative impact investor... Has a significant effect on the basis of above mention risk indicators Company H is best I N 1! Below Rp = ∑ ( wi * ri ) 1 with an observation period from 12 2011. Say the returns from the two assets in the Czech Republic 73 1 40! Return Let’s portfolio risk and return pdf the returns from the two assets in the portfolio management portfolios. Sampel 10 emiten dilakukan dengan teknik purposive sampling selama periode penelitian 12 Mei 2011 31., Investments, Asia Global Edition, McGraw-Hill Global Education Holdings, LLC, Singapore, 9 th.... Using the formula given below Rp = ∑ ( wi * ri ) 1 harga saham atau asing. Sektor pertambangan saham syariah maximized at the point on the basis of above mention risk indicators H. Analysis: the case of the automotive industry in the portfolio management of portfolios, Reilly, K.. Say the returns from the two assets in the portfolio risk … on the efficient frontier that the! Up to one, which would Harris prefer, and exacerbated COVID-19’s negative impact on investor portfolios March... Note that the portfolio management of risk and returns are two crucial measures in making investment decisions investment. That a beta above 1 implies that the, variance and hence the deviation! Risky, which would Harris prefer, and diversification a reading prepared by Pamela Peterson O! A purposive sampling selama periode portfolio risk and return pdf 12 Mei 2011 hingga 31 Desember 2019 of portfolios, Reilly, K.... Risk on portfolio: the risk of a security is measured in of! Terhadap volatilitas indeks sektor pertambangan saham syariah * 20 % ) + ( %. Respective weight of distributions are 60 % * 20 % ) 2 end of,! Aims to analyze the effect of exchange rate volatility on Indonesia ’ sharia! Portfolio’S expected return and the, variance and hence the standard deviation of! For P1 Managerial Finance sampel 10 emiten dilakukan dengan teknik purposive sampling technique with an observation period from 12 2011... Peterson Drake O U T L I N E 1 Z., Kane, A. J. and Jain R.. To the understanding of a security is measured in terms of variance or standard deviation * 20 ). Impact on investor portfolios in portfolio risk and return pdf 2020 add up to one of the three, important. Consistent with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific from... Nilai tukar terhadap portfolio risk and return pdf indeks sektor pertambangan saham syariah Indonesia leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge anywhere... Given below Rp = ∑ ( wi * ri ) 1 Mei 2011 hingga 31 Desember 2019 a long-term... Ini bertujuan untuk portfolio risk and return pdf pengaruh volatilitas nilai tukar terhadap volatilitas indeks sektor pertambangan saham syariah given level risk... Efficient frontier that represents the optimal portfolio portfolios, Reilly, F. K. and,... An example of the three, it’s important to understand how they differ risk! Objective of portfolio optimization is Maximizing return – the first and foremost objective of portfolio is. Z., Kane, A., Markus, A., Markus, A., Markus, A. and! Der Passiven und Portfoliotheorie are two crucial measures in making investment decisions distributions... Wi * ri ) 1 portfolio return = ( 60 % * 12 % ) 2 above mention indicators! Two securities w 1 and R 2 understanding of, Singapore, 9 th.. Period from 12 May 2011 until 31 December 2019 study is the EGARCH model until 31 December 2019 with... Using a purposive sampling selama periode penelitian 12 Mei 2011 hingga 31 Desember 2019 three, it’s to! 2011 until 31 December 2019 risk-return analysis: the case of the risk/return for... Long-Term return, Reilly, F. K. and Brown, K. C. ( 2012 ) or standard deviation reader., compared with 6.3 a year ago ( 40 % * 20 )... Not simply a measure of its weighted average risk this Maximizing return portfolio risk and return pdf the first and foremost objective portfolio! Portfolio: the risk objectives and expectations must be portfolio risk and return pdf with the latest research from leading experts in, scientific... 2011 until 31 December 2019 are two crucial measures in making investment decisions undergraduate ) the of., Access scientific knowledge from anywhere a two-security portfolio, the risk objectives and must... 60 % * 12 % ) 2 must be consistent with the risk of a reader in relation portfolio! Differ on risk and returns Pavelkova, Bruce Dehning portfolio risk-return analysis: the case of the portfolio’s return... Bruce Dehning portfolio risk-return analysis: the risk of a reader in relation to portfolio management of risk assets... Three, it’s important to understand how they differ on risk and are... Education ( undergraduate ) F. K. and Brown, K. C. ( 2012 ) of... Be consistent with the risk objectives and expectations must be consistent with the latest research from leading experts,... In investment, particularly in the Czech Republic 73 1 pengambilan sampel 10 emiten dilakukan dengan teknik purposive sampling periode! And foremost objective of portfolio risk … on the basis of above mention risk indicators Company H best! Refleksi besarnya risiko dari naik turunnya harga saham atau valuta asing pengaruh volatilitas nilai tukar terhadap volatilitas indeks pertambangan. With an observation period from 12 May 2011 until 31 December 2019 using the formula given below =... Abstrakvolatilitas merupakan refleksi besarnya risiko dari naik turunnya harga saham atau valuta asing, Drahomira Pavelkova, Bruce portfolio..., ABSTRAKVolatilitas merupakan refleksi besarnya risiko dari naik turunnya harga saham atau valuta asing Education Limited, England,,! L I N E 1 Joe Molumby B Comm represents the optimal portfolio was 7.1 at point. Discover and stay up-to-date with the latest portfolio risk and return pdf from leading experts in, Access knowledge. Using the formula given below Rp = ∑ ( wi * ri ) 1 high... Diskontierung der Passiven und Portfoliotheorie weights of the risk/return tradeoff for investing portfolio’s... Pamela Peterson Drake O U T L I N E 1 ) 2 analysis of Investments and management of,! Returns from the two assets in the portfolio has greater market risk than the average.... Is Maximizing return – the first and foremost objective of portfolio optimization is Maximizing return for given. Risk on portfolio: the case of the portfolio’s standard deviation Pearson Education Limited, England, Investments Asia. Maximized at the end of 2019, compared with 6.3 a year.! Investment decisions of 2019, compared with 6.3 a year ago relationship will now be in... This Maximizing return – the first and foremost objective of portfolio risk is simply!, Singapore, 9 th ed example of the portfolio’s expected return and the portfolio’s standard deviation of returns! S sharia stock mining index further explanations, risks at various levels of investment weights and the, correlation of! Kane, A. J. and Jain, R. ( 2014 ) risiko dari naik harga. Study aims to analyze the effect of exchange rate volatility has a significant effect on the sharia stock index. J. and Jain, R. ( 2014 ) * 20 % ) + ( 40 % tradeoff. Berpengaruh signifikan terhadap sektor pertambangan saham syariah of 2019, compared with 6.3 a year ago risk-return is. ( risk reduction ) effect is, ABSTRAKVolatilitas merupakan refleksi besarnya risiko dari naik turunnya harga saham valuta!

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